What is ROHS?
which is the acronym for
"Reduction of Hazardous Substances",
is a directive from the European Union (EU) that restricts the use of
six substances in new electrical and electronic equipment that are
placed on the market by July 1, 2006.
directive from Eu is just a component of the ever-increasing global push
towards more environmentally sound manufacturing practices and policies.
Complementing the ROHS directive is another EU directive known as the
"Waste from Electrical and Electronic Equipment" directive, or
which covers equipment recyclability.
Lead (Pb) is
one of the hazardous substances being restricted by ROHS. However,
operations is not enough to be compliant with ROHS.
and polybrominated diphenyl ethers
directive aims to: 1)
and prevent its damaging effects to the environment; and 2)
due to occupational and post-disposal exposure to these harmful
affected by the ROHS directive include: 1)
of electrical and electronic equipment under their own brands; 2)
of electrical and electronic equipment using their own brands, even if
these equipment were manufactured by other suppliers; and 3)
of electrical and electronic equipment from and to a member state of the
2005, major producers of electrical and electronic hardware must be
responsible for shouldering the costs of: 1)
waste electrical and electronic equipment from central points; 2)
these waste equipment; and 3)
activities involving these waste equipment.
self-declare its compliance with ROHS once it has taken
reasonable steps needed to comply with the legislation. Evidence
of compliance will only need to be provided if the enforcement authority
asks for it. Failure of an organization
to comply with the ROHS directive may result in serious fines and
potential jail time, not to mention a ruined reputation for the company.
Reasonable steps for ROHS
compliance would include: 1) testing of
materials to ensure compliance; 2)
partners for compliance; 3)
suppliers; and 4) proper
Producers of equipment
within the EU must obtain a
declaration of ROHS compliance for all the
parts, components, and materials that they are using. Parts
belonging to the same class or type with the same ROHS-compliant
composition, however, may be covered by just a single certificate of
Importers of equipment, on the other hand, need to ask the supplier of
the equipment for a similar declaration of compliance for the equipment.
affected by the ROHS directive include: 1) household appliances; 2) IT
and telecommunications equipment; 3) consumer equipment; 4) lighting
products/systems; 5) electrical and electronic tools; 6) toys, leisure
and sports equipment; 7) automatic dispensers.
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